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Understanding connected surface-water/groundwater systems using Fourier analysis of daily and sub-daily head fluctuations

Acworth, R. I., Rau, Gabriel C., McCallum, Andrew M., Andersen, Martin S. and Cuthbert, Mark 2015. Understanding connected surface-water/groundwater systems using Fourier analysis of daily and sub-daily head fluctuations. Hydrogeology Journal 23 (1) , pp. 143-159. 10.1007/s10040-014-1182-5

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Abstract

The long-term monitoring records of hydraulic heads frequently contain fluctuations originating from different cyclic drivers. Fourier analysis applied to these records can reveal connected surface-water/groundwater system characteristics. The various components of the atmospheric tides, the earth tides and the presence of diurnal responses to evapotranspiration are identified and isolated through band-pass filtering of data recorded from both vented and absolute gauge transducers. The signature of the different cyclic drivers is contained in amplitude and phase of the various signal components and can be used to determine the degree of system confinement. A methodology is described for the calculation of barometric efficiency in confined aquifers based upon the amplitude of the M2 and S2 components of the earth and atmospheric tides. It is demonstrated that Fourier analysis of water-level fluctuations is a simple but underused tool that can help to characterise shallow groundwater systems.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: Australia Analytical solutions Confining units Groundwater/surface-water relations Groundwater hydraulics
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISSN: 1431-2174
Date of Acceptance: 5 August 2014
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2017 09:07
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/100579

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