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Technical note: the use of an interrupted-flow centrifugation method to characterise preferential flow in low permeability media

Crane, R. A., Cuthbert, Mark and Timms, W. 2015. Technical note: the use of an interrupted-flow centrifugation method to characterise preferential flow in low permeability media. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 19 (9) , pp. 3991-4000. 10.5194/hess-19-3991-2015

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Abstract

We present an interrupted-flow centrifugation technique to characterise preferential flow in low permeability media. The method entails a minimum of three phases: centrifuge-induced flow, no flow and centrifuge-induced flow, which may be repeated several times in order to most effectively characterise multi-rate mass transfer behaviour. In addition, the method enables accurate simulation of relevant in situ total stress conditions during flow by selecting an appropriate centrifugal force. We demonstrate the utility of the technique for characterising the hydraulic properties of smectite-clay-dominated core samples. All core samples exhibited a non-Fickian tracer breakthrough (early tracer arrival), combined with a decrease in tracer concentration immediately after each period of interrupted flow. This is indicative of dual (or multi-)porosity behaviour, with solute migration predominately via advection during induced flow, and via molecular diffusion (between the preferential flow network(s) and the low hydraulic conductivity domain) during interrupted flow. Tracer breakthrough curves were simulated using a bespoke dual porosity model with excellent agreement between the data and model output (Nash–Sutcliffe model efficiency coefficient was > 0.97 for all samples). In combination, interrupted-flow centrifuge experiments and dual porosity transport modelling are shown to be a powerful method to characterise preferential flow in low permeability media.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Publisher: European Geosciences Union
ISSN: 1027-5606
Date of Acceptance: 12 August 2015
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2019 11:23
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/100580

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