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PNES around the world: where we are now and how we can close the diagnosis and treatment gaps. An ILAE PNES Task Force report

Kanemoto, Kousuke, LaFrance, W. Curt, Duncan, Roderick, Gigineishvili, David, Park, Sung Pa, Tadokoro, Yukari, Ikeda, Hiroko, Paul, Ravi, Zhou, Dong, Taniguchi, Go, Kerr, Michael Patrick, Oshima, Tomohiro, Jin, Kazutaka and Reuber, Markus 2017. PNES around the world: where we are now and how we can close the diagnosis and treatment gaps. An ILAE PNES Task Force report. Epilepsia Open 2 (3) , pp. 307-316. 10.1002/epi4.12060

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Abstract

An international consensus clinical practice statement issued in 2011 ranked psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) among the top three neuropsychiatric problems. An ILAE PNES Task Force was founded and initially charged with summarizing the current state of the art in terms of diagnosis and treatment, resulting in two publications. The first described different levels of diagnostic certainty. The second summarized current knowledge of management approaches. The present paper summarizes an international workshop of the ILAE PNES Task Force focusing on the current understanding and management of PNES around the world. We initially provide a knowledge update about the etiology, epidemiology and prognosis of PNES –in adults, and in special patient groups, such as children, the elderly and those with intellectual disability. We then explore clinical management pathways and obstacles to optimal care for this disorder around the world by focusing on a number of countries with different cultural backgrounds and at very different stages of social and economic development (UK, USA, Zambia, Georgia, China and Japan). While evidence-based methods for the diagnosis and treatment of PNES have now been described, and much is known about the biopsychosocial underpinnings of this disorder, this paper describes gaps in care (not only in less developed countries) which result in patients with PNES not having adequate access to healthcare provisions. A range of challenges emerge requiring solutions tailored to different healthcare systems. Continued attention to PNES by the ILAE and other national and international neurologic, psychiatric and health organizations, along with ongoing international collaboration should ensure that patients with PNES do not lose out as healthcare services evolve around the world.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures; Diagnosis; Treatment; Gap; International
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 2470-9239
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 May 2017
Date of Acceptance: 7 May 2017
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2018 15:18
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/100698

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