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Simulations of sliding adhesive contact between microgear teeth in silicon-based MEMS work in a vacuum environment

Almuramady, Nabeel and Borodich, Feodor 2017. Simulations of sliding adhesive contact between microgear teeth in silicon-based MEMS work in a vacuum environment. Presented at: 25th UKACM Conference on Computational Mechanics 12 –13 April 2017, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom, 12 –13 April 2017. Proceedings of the 25th Conference on Computational Mechanics UKACM 2017. Birmingham: University of Birmingham, pp. 38-41.

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Sliding friction and adhesive contact interactions between microgear silicon-based MEMS teeth working in a clean and vacuum environment have been modelled using a multiscale hierarchical elastic structure. Here the results of numerical simulations based on the use of multiscale block model are presented. The tooth is modelled as a bulk silicon-based MEMS surface covered by roughness having two subscales specified by the character of interactions: atomic subscale level and adhesive subscale. Friction over completely meshing teeth surfaces is estimated by calculation of the total energy dissipated during sliding. The dissipation is caused by the different physical and chemical mechanisms. Due to the vacuum environment, these mechanisms reduced to the energy lost by the dissociation of chemical and van der Waals bonds, and by the elastic interlocking between the asperities located on the meshing micro-tooth surfaces. It is argued that due to the Polonsky-Keer effect, there is no plastic deformation of the MEMS tooth surface asperities because the asperity sizes are within the validity of this effect. The adhesion layer is defined employing ideas of the Maugis approximation. The adhesion force of each nanoasperity has assumed to be equal to the pull-off force in the Boussinesq-Kendall model corrected by the Borodich no-slip coefficient. The simulations show that MEMS with the clean silicon surfaces of teeth cannot work due to stiction between surfaces, while friction between tooth surfaces functionalised by carbon-based layer is much smaller. If the functionalised coating is worn away then stiction may occur.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Publisher: University of Birmingham
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 June 2017
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2019 02:03

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