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A multimodal imaging study of recognition memory in very preterm born adults

Tseng, Chien-En J., Froudist-Walsh, Sean, Brittain, Philip J., Karolis, Vyacheslav, Caldinelli, Chiara, Kroll, Jasmin, Counsell, Serena J., Williams, Steven C. R., Murray, Robin M. and Nosarti, Chiara 2017. A multimodal imaging study of recognition memory in very preterm born adults. Human Brain Mapping 38 (2) , pp. 644-655. 10.1002/hbm.23405

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Very preterm (<32 weeks of gestation) birth is associated with structural brain alterationsand memory impairments throughout childhood and adolescence. Here, we used functional MRI(fMRI) to study the neuroanatomy of recognition memory in 49 very preterm-born adults and 50 con-trols (mean age: 30 years) during completion of a task involving visual encoding and recognition ofabstract pictures. T1-weighted and diffusion-weighted images were also collected. Bilateral hippocam-pal volumes were calculated and tractography of the fornix and cingulum was performed and assessedin terms of volume and hindrance modulated orientational anisotropy (HMOA). Online recognitionmemory task performance, assessed with A scores, was poorer in the very preterm compared with thecontrol group. Analysis of fMRI data focused on differences in neural activity between the recognitionand encoding trials. Very preterm born adults showed decreased activation in the right middle frontalgyrus and posterior cingulate cortex/precuneus and increased activation in the left inferior frontalgyrus and bilateral lateral occipital cortex (LOC) compared with controls. Hippocampi, fornix and cin-gulum volume was significantly smaller and fornix HMOA was lower in very preterm adults. Amongall the structural and functional brain metrics that showed statistically significant group differences,LOC activation was the best predictor of online task performance (P 5 0.020). In terms of associationbetween brain function and structure, LOC activation was predicted by fornix HMOA in the pretermgroup only (P 5 0.020). These results suggest that neuroanatomical alterations in very preterm bornindividuals may be underlying their poorer recognition memory performance.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1065-9471
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 12 June 2017
Date of Acceptance: 6 September 2016
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2017 09:40

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