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A new genus for isolated bivalved sporangia with thickened margins from the Lower Devonian of the Welsh Borderland

Edwards, Dianne, Axe, Lindsey and Mendez, E. 2001. A new genus for isolated bivalved sporangia with thickened margins from the Lower Devonian of the Welsh Borderland. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 137 (3) , pp. 297-310. 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2001.tb01125.x

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A new taxon Sporathylacium salopense gen. et sp. nov. is based on small isolated coalified sporangia from the Lower Devonian (Lochkovian: micrornatus—newportensis spore zone) from the Welsh Borderland. The sporangia have two equal valves with multi-layered walls and thickened borders, and contain trilete crassitate, non-curvaturate isospores that are completely covered by a microgranular ornament with possible distal verrucate/murornate structures. They differ from zosterophyll sporangia in details of the presumed dehiscence zone extending around the entire free convex margin, particularly in the presence of a wedge of amorphous material between the valves, and in spore characters. Absence of any information relating to water-conducting cells prevents further assignment within the embryophytes. Spherical bodies associated with spores and a resilient sporangial lining are compared with similar structures in extant free-sporing plants and with Ubisch bodies. The mode of sporangial dehiscence involving anatomical modifications of the valve margins and the novel wedge of tissue which connects them remains speculative.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Q Science > QK Botany
Uncontrolled Keywords: embryophyte; miospores; stomata; tapetum
Publisher: Linnean Society of London
ISSN: 0024-4074
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:09

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