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Flash pyrolysis of the outer cortical tissues in Lower DevonianPsilophyton dawsonii

Edwards, Dianne, Ewbank, G. and Abbott, G. D. 1997. Flash pyrolysis of the outer cortical tissues in Lower DevonianPsilophyton dawsonii. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 124 (4) , pp. 345-360. 10.1006/bojl.1997.0101

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Abstract

Coalified residues of the xylem and peripheral structure tissues (stereome) from permineralized (CaCO3) Lower DevonianPsilophyton dawsoniihave been analysed by flash pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Both yielded C0-C1alkylphenols, C1-C3alkylbenzenes, C0-C1alkylnaphthalenes, although with varying relative abundances. The stereome also generated a series ofn-alk-1-enes andn-alkanes (C8-C24, maximum at C10) which is believed to be derived from the cuticle. The sources of the aromatic compounds are discussed, and while it is concluded that those in the xylem are derived from lignin, the macromolecule having been degraded by diagenesis and thermal maturation, the molecular sources of those from the stereome may also include a wide range of substances including simple phenolic acids, flavonoids and non-lignin polyphenolics. Possible functions for the stereome are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Q Science > QK Botany
Uncontrolled Keywords: aliphatic hydrocarbons; aromatic hydrocarbons; cutan; cuticle; flash pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (PyGCMS); lignin; stereome; xylem
Publisher: Linnean Society of London
ISSN: 0024-4074
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:09
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/10157

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