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GalR3 mediates galanin proliferative effects on postnatal hippocampal precursors

Khan, D, Khan, M, Runesson, Johan, Zaben, M and Gray, William 2017. GalR3 mediates galanin proliferative effects on postnatal hippocampal precursors. Neuropeptides 63 , pp. 14-17. 10.1016/j.npep.2017.04.002

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Abstract

Galanin, a neuropeptide co-released from noradrenergic and serotonergic projection neurons to the dentate gyrus, has recently emerged as an important mediator for signaling neuronal activity to the subgranular neurogenic stem cell niche supporting adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Galanin and its receptors appear to play key roles in depression-like behavior, and effects on hippocampal neurogenesis are relevant to pharmacological strategies for treating depression, which in part appear to rely on restoring altered neurogenesis. We previously demonstrated that the GalR2/3 receptor agonist Gal 2–11 is proliferative and proneurogenic for postnatal hippocampal progenitor cells; however, the specific receptor mediation remained to be identified. With the recent availability of M1145 (a specific GalR2 agonist), and SNAP 37889 (GalR3 specific antagonist), we extend our previous studies and show that while M1145 has no proliferative effect, the co-treatment of postnatal rat hippocampal progenitors with Gal 2–11 and SNAP 37889 completely abolished the Gal 2–11 proliferative effects. Taken together, these results clearly demonstrate that GalR3 and not GalR2 is the specific receptor subtype that mediates the proliferative effects of galanin on hippocampal progenitor cells. These results implicate GALR3 in the mediation of galanin neurogenic effects and, potentially, its neurogenic anti-depressant effects.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Medicine
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0143-4179
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 26 June 2017
Date of Acceptance: 5 April 2017
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2018 02:14
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/101722

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