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RTP801 is involved in mutant Huntingtin-induced cell death

Martín-Flores, Núria, Romaní-Aumedes, Joan, Rué, Laura, Canal, Mercè, Sanders, Phil, Straccia, Marco, Allen, Nicholas Denby, Alberch, Jordi, Canals, Josep M., Pérez-Navarro, Esther and Malagelada, Cristina 2015. RTP801 is involved in mutant Huntingtin-induced cell death. Molecular Neurobiology 53 (5) , pp. 2857-2868. 10.1007/s12035-015-9166-6

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Abstract

RTP801 expression is induced by cellular stress and has a pro-apoptotic function in non-proliferating differentiated cells such as neurons. In several neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease, elevated levels of RTP801 have been observed, which suggests a role for RTP801 in neuronal death. Neuronal death is also a pathological hallmark in Huntington’s disease (HD), an inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by a CAG repeat expansion in the huntingtin gene. Currently, the exact mechanisms underlying mutant huntingtin (mhtt)-induced toxicity are still unclear. Here, we investigated whether RTP801 is involved in (mhtt)-induced cell death. Ectopic exon-1 mhtt elevated RTP801 mRNA and protein levels in nerve growth factor (NGF)-differentiated PC12 cells and in rat primary cortical neurons. In neuronal PC12 cells, mhtt also contributed to RTP801 protein elevation by reducing its proteasomal degradation rate, in addition to promoting RTP801 gene expression. Interestingly, silencing RTP801 expression with short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) blocked mhtt-induced cell death in NGF-differentiated PC12 cells. However, RTP801 protein levels were not altered in the striatum of HdhQ7/Q111 and R6/1 mice, two HD models that display motor deficits but not neuronal death. Importantly, RTP801 protein levels were elevated in both neural telencephalic progenitors differentiated from HD patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells and in the putamen and cerebellum of human HD postmortem brains. Taken together, our results suggest that RTP801 is a novel downstream effector of mhtt-induced toxicity and that it may be relevant to the human disease.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Humana Press
ISSN: 0893-7648
Funders: CHDI
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 26 June 2017
Date of Acceptance: 30 March 2015
Last Modified: 30 May 2019 10:45
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/101736

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