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Context modulation of learned attention deployment

Uengoer, Metin, Pearce, John M., Lachnit, Harald and Koenig, Stephan 2018. Context modulation of learned attention deployment. Learning & Behavior 46 (1) , pp. 23-37. 10.3758/s13420-017-0277-y

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Abstract

In three experiments, we investigated the contextual control of attention in human discrimination learning. In each experiment, participants initially received discrimination training in which the cues from Dimension A were relevant in Context 1 but irrelevant in Context 2, whereas the cues from Dimension B were irrelevant in Context 1 but relevant in Context 2. In Experiment 1, the same cues from each dimension were used in Contexts 1 and 2, whereas in Experiments 2 and 3, the cues from each dimension were changed across contexts. In each experiment, participants were subsequently shifted to a transfer discrimination involving novel cues from either dimension, to assess the contextual control of attention. In Experiment 1, measures of eye gaze during the transfer discrimination revealed that Dimension A received more attention than Dimension B in Context 1, whereas the reverse occurred in Context 2. Corresponding results indicating the contextual control of attention were found in Experiments 2 and 3, in which we used the speed of learning (associability) as an indirect marker of learned attentional changes. Implications of our results for current theories of learning and attention are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Attention Context Discrimination learning Humans
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 1543-4494
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 5 July 2017
Date of Acceptance: 19 April 2017
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2018 12:59
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/102059

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