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Both introduced and extinct: The fallow deer of Roman Mallorca

Valenzuela, Alejandro, Baker, Karis, Carden, Ruth, Evans, Jane, Higham, Thomas, Hoelzel, Rus, Lamb, Angela, Madgwick, Richard, Miller, Holly, Alcover, Josep, Cau, Miguel and Sykes, Naomi 2016. Both introduced and extinct: The fallow deer of Roman Mallorca. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 9 , pp. 168-177. 10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.06.038

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Abstract

The archaeological record concerning the distribution and timing of fallowdeer translocation across the Mediterranean has been growing in the last years. This knowledge has provided important insights into the movement,trade patterns and ideology of past societies. Unfortunately, the dispersal of fallowdeer to thewestern part of the Mediterranean is insufficiently understood. To fill this gap, this article presents the results of a multidisciplinary investigation (combining the zooarchaeological evidence with AMS radiocarbon dating, isotope analyses and preliminary aDNA results) from a set of remains recovered from archaeological sites on Mallorca (Balearic Islands, WesternMediterranean). The purpose is to explore the timing, circumstances andmeaning of the fallow deer's introduction to this island, as well as their subsequent management and extirpation. The results of these proxies confirm the arrival of the fallow deer during the Roman period and, after a short expansion with the establishment of vivaria, its disappearance after the Byzantine period.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: History, Archaeology and Religion
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
Publisher: Elsevier
Funders: AHRC
Date of Acceptance: 18 June 2016
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2017 15:48
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/102895

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