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Confocal laser scanning, scanning electron, and transmission electron microscopy investigation ofEnterococcus faecalisbiofilm degradation using passive and active sodium hypochlorite irrigation within a simulated root canal model

Mohmmed, Saifalarab A., Vianna, Morgana E., Penny, Matthew R., Hilton, Stephen T., Mordan, Nicola and Knowles, Jonathan C. 2017. Confocal laser scanning, scanning electron, and transmission electron microscopy investigation ofEnterococcus faecalisbiofilm degradation using passive and active sodium hypochlorite irrigation within a simulated root canal model. MicrobiologyOpen 6 (4) , e00455. 10.1002/mbo3.455

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Abstract

Root canal irrigation is an important adjunct to control microbial infection. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 2.5% (wt/vol) sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) agitation on the removal, killing, and degradation of Enterococcus faecalis biofilm. A total of 45 root canal models were manufactured using 3D printing with each model comprising an 18 mm length simulated root canal of apical size 30 and taper 0.06. E. faecalis biofilms were grown on the apical 3 mm of the models for 10 days. A total of 60 s of 9 ml of 2.5% NaOCl irrigation using syringe and needle was performed, the irrigant was either left stagnant in the canal or agitated using manual (Gutta-percha), sonic, and ultrasonic methods for 30 s. Following irrigation, the residual biofilms were observed using confocal laser scanning, scanning electron, and transmission electron microscopy. The data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA with Dunnett post hoc tests at a level of significance p ≤ .05. Consequence of root canal irrigation indicate that the reduction in the amount of biofilm achieved with the active irrigation groups (manual, sonic, and ultrasonic) was significantly greater when compared with the passive and untreated groups (p < .05). Collectively, finding indicate that passive irrigation exhibited more residual biofilm on the model surface than irrigant agitated by manual or automated (sonic, ultrasonic) methods. Total biofilm degradation and nonviable cells were associated with the ultrasonic group.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 2045-8827
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 July 2017
Date of Acceptance: 5 January 2017
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2018 16:29
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/103016

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