Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

The surface of articular cartilage contains a progenitor cell population

Dowthwaite, Gary P., Bishop, Joanna C., Redman, Samantha N., Khan, Ilyas Mahmood, Rooney, Paul, Evans, Darrell J. R., Haughton, Laura, Bayram-Weston, Zubeyde, Boyer, Sam, Thomson, Brian, Wolfe, Michael S. and Archer, Charles William 2004. The surface of articular cartilage contains a progenitor cell population. Journal of Cell Science 117 (6) , pp. 889-897. 10.1242/jcs.00912

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

It is becoming increasingly apparent that articular cartilage growth is achieved by apposition from the articular surface. For such a mechanism to occur, a population of stem/progenitor cells must reside within the articular cartilage to provide transit amplifying progeny for growth. Here, we report on the isolation of an articular cartilage progenitor cell from the surface zone of articular cartilage using differential adhesion to fibronectin. This population of cells exhibits high affinity for fibronectin, possesses a high colony-forming efficiency and expresses the cell fate selector gene Notch 1. Inhibition of Notch signalling abolishes colony forming ability whilst activated Notch rescues this inhibition. The progenitor population also exhibits phenotypic plasticity in its differentiation pathway in an embryonic chick tracking system, such that chondroprogenitors can engraft into a variety of connective tissue types including bone, tendon and perimysium. The identification of a chondrocyte subpopulation with progenitor-like characteristics will allow for advances in our understanding of both cartilage growth and maintenance as well as provide novel solutions to articular cartilage repair.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: The Company of Biologists Ltd
ISSN: 0021-9533
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2017 08:35
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/1035

Citation Data

Cited 449 times in Google Scholar. View in Google Scholar

Cited 501 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item