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Cardiometabolic disease and features of depression and bipolar disorder: population-based, cross-sectional study

Martin, D. J., Ul-Haq, Z., Nicholl, B. I., Cullen, B., Evans, J., Gill, J. M. R., Roberts, B., Gallacher, John, Mackay, D., McIntosh, A., Hotopf, M., Craddock, Nicholas, Deary, I. J., Pell, J. P. and Smith, D. J. 2016. Cardiometabolic disease and features of depression and bipolar disorder: population-based, cross-sectional study. British Journal of Psychiatry 208 (4) , pp. 343-351. 10.1192/bjp.bp.114.157784

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Abstract

Background The relative contribution of demographic, lifestyle and medication factors to the association between affective disorders and cardiometabolic diseases is poorly understood. Aims To assess the relationship between cardiometabolic disease and features of depresion and bipolar disorder within a large population sample. Method Cross-sectional study of 145 991 UK Biobank participants: multivariate analyses of associations between features of depression or bipolar disorder and five cardiometabolic outcomes, adjusting for confounding factors. Results There were significant associations between mood disorder features and ‘any cardiovascular disease’ (depression odds ratio (OR) = 1.15, 95% CI 1.12–1.19; bipolar OR = 1.28, 95% CI 1.14–1.43) and with hypertension (depression OR = 1.15, 95% CI 1.13–1.18; bipolar OR = 1.26, 95% CI 1.12–1.42). Individuals with features of mood disorder taking psychotropic medication were significantly more likely than controls not on psychotropics to report myocardial infarction (depression OR = 1.47, 95% CI 1.24–1.73; bipolar OR = 2.23, 95% CI 1.53–3.57) and stroke (depression OR = 2.46, 95% CI 2.10–2.80; bipolar OR = 2.31, 95% CI 1.39–3.85). Conclusions Associations between features of depression or bipolar disorder and cardiovascular disease outcomes were statistically independent of demographic, lifestyle and medication confounders. Psychotropic medication may also be a risk factor for cardiometabolic disease in individuals without a clear history of mood disorder.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Royal College of Psychiatrists
ISSN: 0007-1250
Date of Acceptance: 2 June 2015
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2018 10:32
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/103674

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