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The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of first aid interventions for burns given to caregivers of children: A systematic review

Nurmatov, Ulugbek, Mullen, Stephen, Quinn-Scoggins, Harriet, Mann, Mala and Kemp, Alison 2018. The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of first aid interventions for burns given to caregivers of children: A systematic review. Burns 44 (3) , pp. 512-523. 10.1016/j.burns.2017.05.022

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Abstract

Objectives: the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of burns first-aid educational interventions given to caregivers of children. Methods: Systematic review of eligible studies from seven databases, international journals, trials repositories and contacted international experts. Results: Of 985 potential studies, four met the inclusion criteria. All had high risk of bias and weak global rating. Two studies identified a statistically significant increase in knowledge after of a media campaign. King et al. (41.7% vs 63.2%, p<0.0001), Skinner et al. (59% vs 40%, p=0.004). Skinner et al. also identified fewer admissions (64.4% vs 35.8%, p<0.001) and surgical procedures (25.6% vs 11.4%, p<0.001). Kua et al. identified a significant improvement in caregiver’s knowledge (22.9% vs 78.3%, 95% CI 49.2, 61.4) after face-to-face education intervention. Ozyazicioglu et al. evaluated the effect of a first-aid training program and showed a reduction in use of harmful traditional methods for burns in children (29% vs 16.1%, p<0.001). No data on cost-effectiveness was identified. Conclusion: There is a paucity of high quality research in this field and considerable heterogeneity across the included studies. Delivery and content of interventions varied. However, studies showed a positive effect on knowledge. No study evaluated the direct effect of the intervention on first aid administration. High quality clinical trials are needed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0305-4179
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2018 11:46
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/103899

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