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Empowering members of a rural southern community in Nigeria to plan to take action to prevent maternal mortality: a participatory action research project

Esienumoh, Ekpoanwan E., Allotey, Janette and Waterman, Heather 2018. Empowering members of a rural southern community in Nigeria to plan to take action to prevent maternal mortality: a participatory action research project. Journal of Clinical Nursing 27 (7-8) , e1600-e1611. 10.1111/jocn.14244

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Abstract

Aims and objectives. To facilitate the empowerment of members of a rural community to plan to take action to prevent maternal mortality. Background. Globally, about 300,000 maternal deaths occur yearly. Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia regions account for almost all the deaths. Within those regions, India and Nigeria account for over a third of the global maternal deaths. Problem of maternal mortality in Nigeria is multifaceted. About 80% of maternal deaths are avoidable, given strategies which include skilled attendants, emergency obstetric care and community mobilization. In Part One of this article presented here, a strategy of community empowerment to plan to take action to prevent maternal mortality is discussed. Part Two examines evaluation of the actions planned in Part One. Design. Participatory action research was utilized. Methods. Volunteers were recruited as co-researchers into the study through purposive and snowball sampling. Following orientation workshop, participatory data collection was undertaken qualitatively with consequent thematic analysis which formed basis of the plan of action. Results. Community members attributed maternal morbidities and deaths to superstitious causes, delayed referrals by traditional birth attendants, poor transportation and poor resourcing of health facilities. Following critical reflection, actions were planned to empower the people to prevent maternal deaths through: community education and 2 advocacy meetings with stakeholders to improve health and transportation infrastructures; training of existing traditional birth attendants in the interim and initiating their collaboration with skilled birth attendants. Conclusion. The community is a resource which if mobilized through the process of participatory action research, can be empowered to plan to take action in collaboration with skilled birth attendants to prevent maternal mortality. Relevance to clinical practice. InterventioAims and objectives. To facilitate the empowerment of members of a rural community to plan to take action to prevent maternal mortality. Background. Globally, about 300,000 maternal deaths occur yearly. Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia regions account for almost all the deaths. Within those regions, India and Nigeria account for over a third of the global maternal deaths. Problem of maternal mortality in Nigeria is multifaceted. About 80% of maternal deaths are avoidable, given strategies which include skilled attendants, emergency obstetric care and community mobilization. In Part One of this article presented here, a strategy of community empowerment to plan to take action to prevent maternal mortality is discussed. Part Two examines evaluation of the actions planned in Part One. Design. Participatory action research was utilized. Methods. Volunteers were recruited as co-researchers into the study through purposive and snowball sampling. Following orientation workshop, participatory data collection was undertaken qualitatively with consequent thematic analysis which formed basis of the plan of action. Results. Community members attributed maternal morbidities and deaths to superstitious causes, delayed referrals by traditional birth attendants, poor transportation and poor resourcing of health facilities. Following critical reflection, actions were planned to empower the people to prevent maternal deaths through: community education and 2 advocacy meetings with stakeholders to improve health and transportation infrastructures; training of existing traditional birth attendants in the interim and initiating their collaboration with skilled birth attendants. Conclusion. The community is a resource which if mobilized through the process of participatory action research, can be empowered to plan to take action in collaboration with skilled birth attendants to prevent maternal mortality. Relevance to clinical practice. InterventioAims and objectives. To facilitate the empowerment of members of a rural community to plan to take action to prevent maternal mortality. Background. Globally, about 300,000 maternal deaths occur yearly. Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia regions account for almost all the deaths. Within those regions, India and Nigeria account for over a third of the global maternal deaths. Problem of maternal mortality in Nigeria is multifaceted. About 80% of maternal deaths are avoidable, given strategies which include skilled attendants, emergency obstetric care and community mobilization. In Part One of this article presented here, a strategy of community empowerment to plan to take action to prevent maternal mortality is discussed. Part Two examines evaluation of the actions planned in Part One. Design. Participatory action research was utilized. Methods. Volunteers were recruited as co-researchers into the study through purposive and snowball sampling. Following orientation workshop, participatory data collection was undertaken qualitatively with consequent thematic analysis which formed basis of the plan of action. Results. Community members attributed maternal morbidities and deaths to superstitious causes, delayed referrals by traditional birth attendants, poor transportation and poor resourcing of health facilities. Following critical reflection, actions were planned to empower the people to prevent maternal deaths through: community education and 2 advocacy meetings with stakeholders to improve health and transportation infrastructures; training of existing traditional birth attendants in the interim and initiating their collaboration with skilled birth attendants. Conclusion. The community is a resource which if mobilized through the process of participatory action research, can be empowered to plan to take action in collaboration with skilled birth attendants to prevent maternal mortality. Relevance to clinical practice. InterventioInterventions to prevent maternal deaths should include community empowerment to have better understanding of their circumstances as well as their collaboration with health professionals.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Healthcare Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: sub-Saharan Africa, maternal deaths, childbirth, participatory action research, community empowerment
Publisher: Wiley Blackwell
ISSN: 0962-1067
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 October 2017
Date of Acceptance: 31 July 2017
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2019 21:53
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/105261

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