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Claudin-5 regulates blood-brain barrier permeability by modifying brain microvascular endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and adhesion to prevent lung cancer metastasis

Ma, Shun-Chang, Li, Qi, Peng, Jia-Yi, Zhouwen, Jian-Long, Diao, Jin-Fu, Niu, Jian-Xing, Wang, Xi, Guan, Xiu-Dong, Jia, Wang and Jiang, Wen Guo 2017. Claudin-5 regulates blood-brain barrier permeability by modifying brain microvascular endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and adhesion to prevent lung cancer metastasis. CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics 23 (12) , pp. 947-960. 10.1111/cns.12764

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Abstract

Aims To investigate the roles of Claudin-5 (CLDN5) in regulating the permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) during lung cancer brain metastasis. Results By silencing and overexpressing the CLDN5 gene in human brain vascular endothelial (hCMEC/D3) cells, we demonstrated the attenuation of cell migration ability and CLDN5's significant positive role in cell proliferation in CLDN5-overexpressing hCMEC/D3 cells and observed the opposite result in the CLDN5 knockdown group. The reinforced CLDN5 expression reduced the paracellular permeability of hCMEC/D3 cells and decreased the invasion of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. Overall, 1685 genes were found to be differentially expressed between the CLDN5-overexpressing cells and the control cells using the Affymetrix Human Transcriptome Array 2.0 (HTA 2.0), and the function of these genes was determined by Gene Ontology and pathway analyses. The possible biological functions of the 1685 genes include cell proliferation, adhesion molecules, and the Jak-STAT, PI3K-Akt, Wnt, and Notch signaling pathways. The identified sets of mRNAs that were specific to CLDN5-overexpressing hCMEC/D3 cells were verified by a qRT-PCR experiment. Conclusion CLDN5 regulates the permeability of BBB by regulating the proliferation, migration, and permeability of hCMEC/D3 cells, especially through the cell adhesion molecule signaling pathway, to enhance the function of the tight junctions, which was involved in reducing the formation of lung cancer brain metastasis.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1755-5930
Funders: Cardiff China Medical Scholarship
Date of Acceptance: 13 September 2017
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2018 14:24
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/105352

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