Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

The genome-wide expression effects of escitalopram and its relationship to neurogenesis, hippocampal volume, and antidepressant response

Powell, Timothy R., Murphy, Tytus, de Jong, Simone, Lee, Sang Hyuck, Tansey, Katherine, Hodgson, Karen, Uher, Rudolf, Price, Jack, Thuret, Sandrine and Breen, Gerome 2017. The genome-wide expression effects of escitalopram and its relationship to neurogenesis, hippocampal volume, and antidepressant response. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics 174 (4) , pp. 427-434. 10.1002/ajmg.b.32532

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Antidepressant-induced hippocampal neurogenesis (AHN) is hypothesized to contribute to increases in hippocampal volume among major depressive disorder patients after long-term treatment. Furthermore, rodent studies suggest AHN may be the cellular mechanism mediating the therapeutic benefits of antidepressants. Here, we perform the first investigation of genome-wide expression changes associated with AHN in human cells. We identify gene expression networks significantly activated during AHN, and we perform gene set analyses to probe the molecular relationship between AHN, hippocampal volume, and antidepressant response. The latter were achieved using genome-wide association summary data collected from 30,717 individuals as part of the ENIGMA Consortium (genetic predictors of hippocampal volume dataset), and data collected from 1,222 major depressed patients as part of the NEWMEDS Project (genetic predictors of response to antidepressants dataset). Our results showed that the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, escitalopram evoked AHN in human cells; dose-dependently increasing the differentiation of cells into neuroblasts, as well as increasing gliogenesis. Activated genome-wide expression networks relate to axon and microtubule formation, and ribosomal biogenesis. Gene set analysis revealed that gene expression changes associated with AHN were nominally enriched for genes predictive of hippocampal volume, but not for genes predictive of therapeutic response.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1552-4841
Date of Acceptance: 6 February 2017
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2017 13:47
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/105496

Citation Data

Cited 3 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item