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Effect of floodplain obstructions on the discharge conveyance capacity of compound channels

Mulahasan, Saad, Stoesser, Thorsten and McSherry, Richard 2017. Effect of floodplain obstructions on the discharge conveyance capacity of compound channels. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering 143 (11) , 04017045. 10.1061/(ASCE)IR.1943-4774.0001240

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Abstract

Results of an experimental study into steady uniform flows in compound open channels with cylindrical obstructions designed to mimic emergent vegetation is presented. Two configurations—fully covered floodplain and one-line obstructions—are considered, and the hydraulic properties are compared to those of a smooth, unobstructed compound channel. Particular attention is given to the effect of obstruction (i.e., vegetation) density on the rating curve, drag coefficients, and spanwise profiles of streamwise velocity. Flow resistance is estimated using an established approach, and the results are in agreement with other experimental studies. It was shown that the obstruction configuration significantly influences the flow velocity in the main channel, and in the case of one-line obstructions the floodplain velocity is higher than for an unobstructed channel for a given flow rate. Spanwise velocity profiles exhibit markedly different characters in the one-line and fully covered configurations.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers
ISSN: 0733-9437
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 October 2017
Date of Acceptance: 25 May 2017
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2020 03:47
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/105604

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