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An efficient method for generation of bi-allelic null mutant mouse embryonic stem cells and its application for investigating epigenetic modifiers

Fisher, Cynthia, Andrews, Robert and Skarnes, William 2017. An efficient method for generation of bi-allelic null mutant mouse embryonic stem cells and its application for investigating epigenetic modifiers. Nucleic Acids Research 10.1093/nar/gkx811

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Abstract

Mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells are a popular model system to study biological processes, though uncovering recessive phenotypes requires inactivat- ing both alleles. Building upon resources from the International Knockout Mouse Consortium (IKMC), we developed a targeting vector for second allele in- activation in conditional-ready IKMC ‘knockout-first’ ES cell lines. We applied our technology to sev- eral epigenetic regulators, recovering bi-allelic tar- geted clones with a high efficiency of 60% and used Flp recombinase to restore expression in two null cell lines to demonstrate how our system confirms causality through mutant phenotype reversion. We designed our strategy to select against re-targeting the ‘knockout-first’ allele and identify essential genes in ES cells, including the histone methyltransferase Setdb1. For confirmation, we exploited the flexibil- ity of our system, enabling tamoxifen inducible con- ditional gene ablation while controlling for genetic background and tamoxifen effects. Setdb1 ablated ES cells exhibit severe growth inhibition, which is not rescued by exogenous Nanog expression or cultur- ing in naive pluripotency ‘2i’ media, suggesting that the self-renewal defect is mediated through pluripo- tency network independent pathways. Our strategy to generate null mutant mouse ES cells is applicable to thousands of genes and repurposes existing IKMC Intermediate Vectors.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0305-1048
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 October 2017
Date of Acceptance: 4 September 2017
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2018 13:19
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/105649

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