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Evaluation of the clinical effectiveness in routine practice of fluocinolone acetonide 190 µg intravitreal implant in people with diabetic macular edema

Holden, Sarah E., Currie, Craig John and Owens, David 2017. Evaluation of the clinical effectiveness in routine practice of fluocinolone acetonide 190 µg intravitreal implant in people with diabetic macular edema. Current Medical Research and Opinion 33 (supp 2) , pp. 5-17. 10.1080/03007995.2017.1366645

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Abstract

Objective: The aim of the Iluvien Clinical Evidence study in the UK (ICE-UK) was to assess the real-world effectiveness of fluocinolone acetonide (FAc) 190 µg intravitreal implant for the treatment of clinically significant chronic diabetic macular edema (DME) in routine clinical practice. Methods: This retrospective study collected data from patient medical records in 13 ophthalmology centers for people with DME prescribed FAc intravitreal implant between April 1, 2013 and April 15, 2015. Visual acuity (VA) and intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements were collected for 12 months prior to and after implant. Results: Two hundred and eight people, contributing 233 eyes, treated with FAc implant were included. Mean age was 68.1 years and 62% were male. In the 12 months prior to FAc implant, VA declined. Median (interquartile range, IQR) VA was 0.66 (0.48–1.00) LogMAR units (equivalent to 52.0 ETDRS letters) at implant, improving to 0.60 (0.38–0.90) LogMAR units (55.0 letters) at 12 months post-implant (p < 0.001). In total, 44%, 30%, and 18% of people achieved an improvement in ETDRS score of ≥5, ≥10, and ≥15 letters, respectively, over the same period. A small but significant (p < .001) increase in median IOP was observed (median = 15.0, IQR = 13.0–18.0 mmHg at implant to 18.0, 15.0–21.0 mmHg at 12 months). In the 12 months following implant, additional IOP-lowering therapy was prescribed in 15% of subjects previously not requiring such therapy. Conclusion: Following FAc implant, an overall significant improvement in VA was observed over a period of 12 months, accompanied by a significant but small increase in IOP.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
ISSN: 0300-7995
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2019 08:39
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/105806

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