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Pharmacological characterization of JNJ-40068782, a new potent, selective, and systemically active positive allosteric modulator of the mGlu2 receptor and its radioligand [3H]JNJ-40068782

Lavreysen, H., Langlois, X., Ahnaou, A., Drinkenburg, W., te Riele, P., Biesmans, I., Van der Linden, I., Peeters, L., Megens, A., Wintmolders, C., Cid, J. M., Trabanco, A. A., Andres, J. I., Dautzenberg, F. M., Lutjens, R., Macdonald, G. and Atack, J. R. 2013. Pharmacological characterization of JNJ-40068782, a new potent, selective, and systemically active positive allosteric modulator of the mGlu2 receptor and its radioligand [3H]JNJ-40068782. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 346 (3) , pp. 514-527. 10.1124/jpet.113.204990

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Abstract

Modulation of the metabotropic glutamate type 2 (mGlu2) receptor is considered a promising target for the treatment of central nervous system diseases such as schizophrenia. Here, we describe the pharmacological properties of the novel mGlu2 receptor positive allosteric modulator (PAM) 3-cyano-1-cyclopropylmethyl-4-(4-phenyl-piperidin-1-yl)-pyridine-2(1H)-one (JNJ-40068782) and its radioligand [3H]JNJ-40068782. In guanosine 5′-O-(3-[35S]thio)triphosphate binding, JNJ-40068782 produced a leftward and upward shift in the glutamate concentration-effect curve at human recombinant mGlu2 receptors. The EC50 of JNJ-40068782 for potentiation of an EC20-equivalent concentration of glutamate was 143 nM. Although JNJ-40068782 did not affect binding of the orthosteric antagonist [3H]2S-2-amino-2-(1S,2S-2-carboxycyclopropyl-1-yl)-3-(xanth-9-yl)propanoic acid (LY-341495), it did potentiate the binding of the agonist [3H](2S,2′R,3′R)-2-(2′,3′-dicarboxylcyclopropyl)glycine (DCG-IV), demonstrating that it can allosterically affect binding at the agonist recognition site. The binding of [3H]JNJ-40068782 to human recombinant mGlu2 receptors in Chinese hamster ovary cells and rat brain receptors was saturable with a KD of ∼10 nM. In rat brain, the anatomic distribution of [3H]JNJ-40068782 was consistent with mGlu2 expression previously described and was most abundant in cortex and hippocampus. The ability of structurally unrelated PAMs to displace [3H]JNJ-40068782 suggests that PAMs may bind to common determinants within the same site. It is noteworthy that agonists also increased the binding affinity of [3H]JNJ-40068782. JNJ-40068782 influenced rat sleep-wake organization by decreasing rapid eye movement sleep with a lowest active dose of 3 mg/kg PO. In mice, JNJ-40068782 reversed phencyclidine-induced hyperlocomotion with an ED50 of 5.7 mg/kg s.c. Collectively, the present data demonstrate that JNJ-40068782 has utility in investigating the potential of mGlu2 modulation for the treatment of diseases characterized by disturbed glutamatergic signaling and highlight the value of [3H]JNJ-40068782 in exploring allosteric binding

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (ASPET)
ISSN: 0022-3565
Date of Acceptance: 12 June 2013
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2017 21:02
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/105885

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