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Quantification of brown dog tick repellents, 2-hexanone and benzaldehyde, and release from tick-resistant beagles, Canis lupus familiaris

de Oliveira Filho, Jaires Gomes, Sarria, André Lucio Franceschini, Ferreira, Lorena Lopes, Caulfield, John C., Powers, Stephen J., Pickett, John A., de León, Adalberto A. Pérez, Birkett, Michael A. and Borges, Lígia Miranda Ferreira 2016. Quantification of brown dog tick repellents, 2-hexanone and benzaldehyde, and release from tick-resistant beagles, Canis lupus familiaris. Journal of Chromatography B 1022 , pp. 64-69. 10.1016/j.jchromb.2016.03.014

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Abstract

We have recently shown that repellency of the tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato by the tick resistant dog breed, the beagle, is mediated by volatile organic compounds (VOCs) 2-hexanone and benzaldehyde present in beagle odour. Ectoparasite location of animal hosts is affected by variation in these odour components and their ratios. The aim of this study was to quantify the release rate, and the ratio, of 2-hexanone and benzaldehyde from beagles. The odour of three beagles was collected, for four days, over one week (day 0, day 1, day 4 and day 7). The compounds were identified using coupled high-resolution gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS), and authentic standards of compounds were used to generate external calibration curves for quantification. Both compounds were found in all dogs on all days. The amount of benzaldehyde was always higher than that of 2-hexanone and so their ratio varied from unity, on average (over time) being 3.128 ± 0.365, 1.902 ± 0.390, 1.670 ± 0.671 ng mL−1 for beagle 1, 2 and 3, respectively. There was no significant (p < 0.05, F-test) effect of time. The overall mean was 2.233 ± 0.387 ng mL−1. These results further previous findings by documenting the presence of 2-hexanone and benzaldehyde in beagle odour samples covering a 7-day period. This knowledge enables development of repellents to protect dogs from R. sanguineus s. l. infestation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1570-0232
Date of Acceptance: 15 March 2016
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2017 01:00
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/106848

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