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Experimental investigation on the mechanical behavior of 3D carbon/carbon composites under biaxial compression

Xu, C., Song, L., Zhu, Hanxing, Meng, S., Xie, W. and Jin, H. 2018. Experimental investigation on the mechanical behavior of 3D carbon/carbon composites under biaxial compression. Composite Structures 188 , pp. 7-14. 10.1016/j.compstruct.2017.11.035

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Abstract

The effects of complex state of stress on the compressive behaviour of 3D carbon/carbon composites are investigated by application of uniaxial and biaxial loadings using a specially developed Zwick cruciform testing facility. The shape of the biaxially loaded cruciform specimen is optimised to avoid premature fracture outside the gauge section. A semi-analytical method is proposed to determine the stress components in the gauge section of the biaxial specimen. The experimentally obtained failure stress relation, which traces an elliptical path in the principal stress space, can be well represented by the Tsai criterion with a stress interaction parameter of F12=-0.85. Macro-fracture morphology and SEM micrographs are examined and the results show that the failure mechanisms of the composites vary with the loading ratio. The results also suggest that the biaxial stress interaction effect is represented by a domain in the biaxial specimen, which is characterised by torsion and bending fractures in the dislocated fibres between two adjacent Z yarns.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0263-8223
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 November 2017
Date of Acceptance: 14 November 2017
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2019 22:41
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/106950

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