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Burden of severe maternal morbidity and association with adverse birth outcomes in sub–Saharan Africa and south Asia: protocol for a prospective cohort study

Hurt, Lisa 2016. Burden of severe maternal morbidity and association with adverse birth outcomes in sub–Saharan Africa and south Asia: protocol for a prospective cohort study. Journal of Global Health 6 (2) , 020601.

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Abstract

Background Neisseria meningitidis is a leading cause of bacterial meningitis and septicemia in children and young adults worldwide. The disease burden associated with N. meningitidis infections has not been systematically assessed in China. Therefore, we undertook this study to determine the burden of meningococcal disease in China. Method We performed a systematic review and meta–analysis of articles on N. meningitidis incidence, carriage, seroprevalence and mortality rates in China by searching the Chinese BioMedical Database (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database and PubMed for publications from January 2005 to Aug 2015. Results In total, 50 articles were included in our analysis. The overall incidence of meningococcal disease and associated mortality were estimated to be 1.84 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.91–3.37) per 100 000 persons per year and 0.33 (95% CI 0.12–0.86) per 100 000 persons per year, respectively. N. meningitidis carriage rate among the healthy population was estimated to be 2.7% (95% CI 2.0–3.5%). Prevalence of antibodies against N. meningitidis serogroup A and C were estimated to be 77.3% (95% CI 72.4%–81.6%) and 33.5% (95% CI 27.0%–40.8%), respectively. No studies were found for serogroup specific disease burden. Conclusions The overall incidence of meningococcal disease in China is low. The lower seroprevalence of serogroup C within the population suggests that it may pose a greater risk for meningococcal disease outbreak than serogroup A. The lack of data on serogroup disease burden by age groups suggests the implementation of laboratory based meningococcal surveillance systems are urgently needed in China.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Edinburgh University Global Health Society
ISSN: 2047-2978
Funders: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 November 2017
Date of Acceptance: 1 November 2016
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2019 13:14
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/107095

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