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Early Cretaceous (~ 140 Ma) aluminous A-type granites in the Tethyan Himalaya, Tibet: Products of crust-mantle interaction during lithospheric extension

Ma, Lin, Kerr, Andrew, Wang, Qiang, Jiang, Zi-Qi and Hu, Wan-Long 2018. Early Cretaceous (~ 140 Ma) aluminous A-type granites in the Tethyan Himalaya, Tibet: Products of crust-mantle interaction during lithospheric extension. Lithos 300-01 , pp. 212-226. 10.1016/j.lithos.2017.11.023

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Abstract

A-type granites have been the focus of considerable research due to their distinctive major- and trace-element signatures and tectonic significance. However, their petrogenesis, magmatic source and tectonic setting remain controversial, particularly for aluminous A-type granites. The earliest Cretaceous (ca. 140 Ma) Comei granite in the eastern Tethyan Himalaya is associated with coeval oceanic island basalt (OIB)-type mafic lava, and has A-type granite geochemical characteristics including high 10,000 × Ga/Al (up to 6), FeOtotal/MgO (4.6–6.1) and (Na2O + K2O)/Al2O3 (0.50–0.61) ratios but low CaO (0.6–1.6 wt%) and Na2O (1.8–2.6 wt%) contents. The Comei granite also has variable peraluminous compositions (A/CNK = 1.00–1.36) along with zircon δ18O, εNd(t) and initial 87Sr/86Sr values of 8.2‰ to 9.3‰, − 13.0 to − 12.4 and 0.7238 to 0.7295, respectively. This range of compositions can be interpreted as the interaction between high-temperature upwelling OIB type basaltic magmas and a shallow crustal (< 5 kbar) metapelitic source. The Comei granite and coeval OIB type basaltic rock could represent the earliest stage (145–140 Ma) of a large igneous event in eastern Tethyan Himalaya, which may well have been triggered by pre-breakup lithospheric extension prior to the arrival of the Kerguelen plume head.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0024-4937
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 1 December 2017
Date of Acceptance: 21 November 2017
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2019 00:21
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/107144

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