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Association between schizophrenia-related polygenic liability and the occurrence and level of mood incongruent psychotic symptoms in bipolar disorder

Allardyce, Judith, Leonenko, Ganna, Hamshere, Marian L., Pardiñas, Antonio F., Forty, Elizabeth, Knott, Sarah, Gordon-Smith, Katherine, Porteous, David J., Haywood, Caroline, Di Florio, Arianna, Jones, Lisa, McIntosh, Andrew M., Owen, Michael John, Holmans, Peter Alan, Walters, James T. R., Craddock, Nicholas, Jones, Ian R., O'Donovan, Michael Conlon and Escott-Price, Valentina 2018. Association between schizophrenia-related polygenic liability and the occurrence and level of mood incongruent psychotic symptoms in bipolar disorder. JAMA Psychiatry 75 (1) , pp. 28-35. 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.3485

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Abstract

Importance Bipolar disorder (BD) overlaps schizophrenia in its clinical presentation and genetic liability. Alternative approaches to patient stratification beyond current diagnostic categories are needed to understand the underlying disease processes and mechanisms. Objective To investigate the association between common-variant liability for schizophrenia, indexed by polygenic risk scores (PRSs), and psychotic presentations of BD. Design, Setting, and Participants This case-control study in the United Kingdom used multinomial logistic regression to estimate differential PRS associations across categories of cases and controls. Participants included in the final analyses were 4436 cases of BD from the Bipolar Disorder Research Network. These cases were compared with the genotypic data for 4976 cases of schizophrenia and 9012 controls from the Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium study and the Generation Scotland study. Data were collected between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2013. Data analysis was conducted from March 1, 2016, to February 28, 2017. Exposures Standardized PRSs, calculated using alleles with an association threshold of P < .05 in the second Psychiatric Genomics Consortium genome-wide association study of schizophrenia, were adjusted for the first 10 population principal components and genotyping platforms. Main Outcomes and Measures Multinomial logit models estimated PRS associations with BD stratified by Research Diagnostic Criteria subtypes of BD, by lifetime occurrence of psychosis, and by lifetime mood-incongruent psychotic features. Ordinal logistic regression examined PRS associations across levels of mood incongruence. Ratings were derived from the Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry interview and the Bipolar Affective Disorder Dimension Scale. Results Of the 4436 cases of BD, 2966 (67%) were female patients, and the mean (SD) age at interview was 46 [12] years. Across clinical phenotypes, there was an exposure-response gradient, with the strongest PRS association for schizophrenia (risk ratio [RR] = 1.94; 95% CI, 1.86-2.01), followed by schizoaffective BD (RR = 1.37; 95% CI, 1.22-1.54), bipolar I disorder subtype (RR = 1.30; 95% CI, 1.24-1.36), and bipolar II disorder subtype (RR = 1.04; 95% CI, 0.97-1.11). Within BD cases, there was an effect gradient, indexed by the nature of psychosis. Prominent mood-incongruent psychotic features had the strongest association (RR = 1.46; 95% CI, 1.36-1.57), followed by mood-congruent psychosis (RR = 1.24; 95% CI, 1.17-1.33) and BD with no history of psychosis (RR = 1.09; 95% CI, 1.04-1.15). Conclusions and Relevance For the first time to date, a study shows a polygenic-risk gradient across schizophrenia and BD, indexed by the occurrence and level of mood-incongruent psychotic symptoms.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Additional Information: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC-BY License. ©2017 Allardyce J et al. JAMA Psychiatry.
Publisher: American Medical Association (AMA)
ISSN: 2168-622X
Funders: Medical Research Council
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 November 2018
Date of Acceptance: 24 September 2017
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2019 12:00
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/107350

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