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Retrosplenial cortex and its role in spatial cognition

Mitchell, Anna S., Czajkowski, Rafal, Zhang, Ningy, Jeffery, Kate and Nelson, Andrew 2018. Retrosplenial cortex and its role in spatial cognition. Brain and Neuroscience Advances 2 , pp. 1-13. 10.1177/2398212818757098

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Retrosplenial cortex is a region within the posterior neocortical system, heavily interconnected with an array of brain networks, both cortical and subcortical, that is, engaged by a myriad of cognitive tasks. Although there is no consensus as to its precise function, evidence from both human and animal studies clearly points to a role in spatial cognition. However, the spatial processing impairments that follow retrosplenial cortex damage are not straightforward to characterise, leading to difficulties in defining the exact nature of its role. In this article, we review this literature and classify the types of ideas that have been put forward into three broad, somewhat overlapping classes: (1) learning of landmark location, stability and permanence; (2) integration between spatial reference frames; and (3) consolidation and retrieval of spatial knowledge (schemas). We evaluate these models and suggest ways to test them, before briefly discussing whether the spatial function may be a subset of a more general function in episodic memory.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISSN: 2398-2128
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 December 2017
Date of Acceptance: 18 December 2017
Last Modified: 03 May 2019 07:56

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