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Enhancement flame flashback resistance against CIVB and BLF in swirl burners

Hatem, Fares A., Alsaegh, Ali S., Al-Faham, Mohammed and Valera Medina, Agustin 2017. Enhancement flame flashback resistance against CIVB and BLF in swirl burners. Energy Procedia 142 , pp. 1071-1076. 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.358

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Abstract

Swirl combustors have proven as effective flame stabilisers over a wide range of operation conditions thanks to the formation of well-known swirl coherent structures. However, employment of swirl combustors to work on lean premixed combustion modes while introducing alternative fuels such as high hydrogen blends result in many combustion instabilities. Under these conditions, flame flashback has been considered as one of the major instability problems that have the potential of causing considerable damages of the combustion systems hardware in addition to the significant increase in pollutant levels. Combustion Induced Vortex Breakdown (CIVB) is considered a very particular mode of flashback mechanism in swirling flows as this type of flashback occurs even when the fresh mixture’s velocity is higher than the flame speed, consequence of the interaction between swirl structures and swirl burner geometries. Improvements of burner geometries and manipulation of swirl flows can produce good resistance against this type of flashback. However, increase flame flashback resistance against CIVB can lead to an increase in the propensity of another flashback mechanism, Boundary Layer Flashback (BLF). Thus this paper presents an experimental and numerical approach that allows the increase in CIVB resistance by using diffusive air injection and simultaneously avoid BLF by changing the wall boundary layer characteristics using microsurface grids as a liner for the nozzle wall. Results show that using those two techniques together has promising potentials regarding wider stable operation for swirl combustors, enabling them to burn a great variety of fuel blends safely.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1876-6102
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 1 February 2018
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2018 20:50
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/108710

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