Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

An investigation of the effects of riboflavin concentration on the efficacy of corneal cross-linking using an enzymatic resistance model in porcine corneas

O'Brart, N, O'Brart, D, Aldahlawi, Nada, Hayes, Sally and Meek, Keith 2018. An investigation of the effects of riboflavin concentration on the efficacy of corneal cross-linking using an enzymatic resistance model in porcine corneas. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 59 , pp. 1058-1065. 10.1167/iovs.17-22994

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (623kB) | Preview

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate riboflavin concentration on enzymatic resistance following corneal cross-linking (CXL). Methods: Ninety-six porcine eyes were divided into five groups in two treatment runs. Group 1 remained untreated. Group 2 received riboflavin 0.05%, group 3 riboflavin 0.1%, group 4 riboflavin 0.2%, and group 5 riboflavin 0.3%. Treated eyes underwent CXL with ultraviolet A at 9 mW/cm2 for 10 minutes. Eight-millimeter discs from each cornea were submerged in pepsin digest solution. In the first run, disc diameters were measured daily. After 10 days, dry weights were recorded from five samples in each group. In the second run, dry weights were recorded in five samples in each group at 10 and 20 days. Results: CXL-treated corneas took longer to digest than untreated (P < 0.001). Although eyes treated with higher riboflavin concentrations generally took longer to digest, there were no significant differences between groups (P = 0.3). Dry weights at 10 days demonstrated, with each increase in concentration, an increase in weight of residual undigested tissue (P < 0.001). In the second run, with each increase in riboflavin concentration there was an increase in weight of residual tissue (P < 0.001) at 10 days. At 20 days, the dry weight was lower with 0.05% riboflavin compared to 0.3% (P < 0.001) and 0.2% and 0.1% solutions (P < 0.05), with no other difference between groups. Conclusions: There is a consistent dose-response curve with higher concentrations of riboflavin achieving greater CXL efficacy, suggesting that manipulation of riboflavin dosage as well as the UVA protocol can be used to optimize CXL.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Optometry and Vision Sciences
Publisher: Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
ISSN: 0146-0404
Funders: MRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 February 2018
Date of Acceptance: 25 January 2018
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2019 16:52
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/108955

Citation Data

Cited 5 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics