Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Broadband submillimeter spectroscopy of HCN, NH3, and PH3 in the troposphere of Jupiter

Davis, G. R., Naylor, D. A., Griffin, Matthew Joseph, Clark, T. A. and Holland, W. S. 1997. Broadband submillimeter spectroscopy of HCN, NH3, and PH3 in the troposphere of Jupiter. Icarus 130 (2) , pp. 387-403. 10.1006/icar.1997.5836

Full text not available from this repository.


We report measurements of the Jupiter brightness spectrum in the 850-μm and 1100-μm atmospheric windows with a spectral resolution of 125 MHz, obtained with a Fourier transform spectrometer on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. Three results were obtained. First, the predicted absorption features due to the rotational lines of HCN at 266 and 354 GHz were not detected within our error limits of less than 1%. We establish new upper limits for the HCN abundance in the jovian troposphere for five assumed abundance distributions and for two assumed NH3abundances. The upper limits are 1.7 to 13 times smaller than the abundance value obtained in the only reported detection of HCN in Jupiter prior to the impact of Shoemaker–Levy 9. Second, the continuum brightness temperature spectrum at 850 μm was determined and is in agreement with previous measurements, but has large error bars due to uncertainties in the photometric calibration. We estimate the ammonia abundance in the 1–2 bar region to be 1.7 times solar, but this result is tentative since scattering by NH3cloud particles and absorption by gaseous H2S were neglected in our atmospheric model. Finally, the first rotational line of PH3at 267 GHz was not detected, a result which we demonstrate is consistent with the statistical noise level in these measurements, with current values of the spectroscopic parameters, and with phosphine measurements at other wavelengths.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Publisher: Elsevier Science
ISSN: 0019-1035
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:12

Citation Data

Cited 19 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item