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Nonstationary seismic response analysis of long-span structures by frequency domain method considering wave passage effect

Zhao, Yan, Li, Yuyin, Zhang, Yahui and Kennedy, David 2018. Nonstationary seismic response analysis of long-span structures by frequency domain method considering wave passage effect. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 109 , pp. 1-9. 10.1016/j.soildyn.2018.02.029

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Abstract

In this paper, a frequency domain method is proposed for the nonstationary seismic analysis of long-span structures subjected to random ground motions considering the wave passage effect. Based on the correlation analysis theory and fast Fourier transform (FFT), a semi-analytical solution is derived for the evolutionary power spectral density of the random response of long-span structures in the frequency domain. The expression of this solution indicates that the evolutionary property of nonstationary random responses can be determined completely by the modulation function of random ground motions, and hence the solution has clear physical interpretations. For slowly varying modulation functions, the FFT can be implemented with a small sampling frequency, so the present method is very efficient within a given accuracy. In numerical examples, nonstationary random responses of a long-span cable stayed bridge to random ground motions with the wave passage effect are studied by the present method, and comparisons are made with those of the pseudo excitation method (PEM) to verify the present method. Then the accuracy and efficiency of the present method with different sampling frequencies are compared and discussed. Finally, the influences of the apparent velocity of the seismic waves on nonstationary random responses are investigated.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0267-7261
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 March 2018
Date of Acceptance: 25 February 2018
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2019 16:24
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/109774

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