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Indonesia's globally significant seagrass meadows are under widespread threat

Unsworth, Richard K.F., Ambo-Rappe, Rohani, Jones, Benjamin L., La Nafie, Yayu A., Irawan, A., Hernawan, Udhi E., Moore, Abigail M. and Cullen-Unsworth, Leanne C. 2018. Indonesia's globally significant seagrass meadows are under widespread threat. Science of the Total Environment 634 , pp. 279-286. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.03.315
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Abstract

Indonesia's marine ecosystems form a fundamental part of the world's natural heritage, representing a global maxima of marine biodiversity and supporting the world's second largest production of seafood. Seagrasses are a key part of that support. In the absence of empirical data we present evidence from expert opinions as to the state of Indonesia's seagrass ecosystems, their support for ecosystem services, with a focus on fisheries, and the damaging activities that threaten their existence. We further draw on expert opinion to elicit potential solutions to prevent further loss. Seagrasses and the ecosystem services they support across the Indonesian archipelago are in a critical state of decline. Declining seagrass health is the result of shifting environmental conditions due largely to coastal development, land reclamation, and deforestation, as well as seaweed farming, overfishing and garbage dumping. In particular, we also describe the declining state of the fisheries resources that seagrass meadows support. The perilous state of Indonesia's seagrasses will compromise their resilience to climate change and result in a loss of their high ecosystem service value. Community supported management initiatives provide one mechanism for seagrass protection. Exemplars highlight the need for increased local level autonomy for the management of marine resources, opening up opportunities for incentive type conservation schemes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Business (Including Economics)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0048-9697
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 April 2018
Date of Acceptance: 25 March 2018
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2018 19:19
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/110720

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