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The deglacial evolution of North Atlantic deep convection

Thornalley, David J. R., Barker, Stephen, Broecker, Wallace S., Elderfield, Henry and McCave, I. Nick 2011. The deglacial evolution of North Atlantic deep convection. Science 331 (6014) , pp. 202-205. 10.1126/science.1196812

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Abstract

Deepwater formation in the North Atlantic by open-ocean convection is an essential component of the overturning circulation of the Atlantic Ocean, which helps regulate global climate. We use water-column radiocarbon reconstructions to examine changes in northeast Atlantic convection since the Last Glacial Maximum. During cold intervals, we infer a reduction in open-ocean convection and an associated incursion of an extremely radiocarbon (14C)–depleted water mass, interpreted to be Antarctic Intermediate Water. Comparing the timing of deep convection changes in the northeast and northwest Atlantic, we suggest that, despite a strong control on Greenland temperature by northeast Atlantic convection, reduced open-ocean convection in both the northwest and northeast Atlantic is necessary to account for contemporaneous perturbations in atmospheric circulation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Q Science > QE Geology
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
ISSN: 0036-8075
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:23
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/11088

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