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Inside story: An X-ray computed tomography method for assessing dissolution in the tests of planktonic foraminifera

Johnstone, Heather J. H., Schulz, Michael, Barker, Stephen and Elderfield, Henry 2010. Inside story: An X-ray computed tomography method for assessing dissolution in the tests of planktonic foraminifera. Marine Micropaleontology 77 (1-2) , pp. 58-70. 10.1016/j.marmicro.2010.07.004

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Abstract

X-ray computed tomography (CT) provides an insight into the progression of dissolution in the tests of planktonic foraminifera. Four species of foraminifera (G. ruber [white], G. sacculifer, N. dutertrei and P. obliquiloculata) from Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Ocean core-top samples were examined by CT and SEM. Inner chamber walls began to dissolve at Δ[CO32−] values of 12–14 μmol/kg. Close to the calcite saturation horizon, dissolution and precipitation of calcite may occur simultaneously. Inner calcite of G. sacculifer, N. dutertrei and P. obliquiloculata from such sites appeared altered or replaced, whereas outer crust calcite was dense with no pores. Unlike the other species, there was no distinction between inner and outer calcite in CT scans of G. ruber. Empty calcite crusts of N. dutertrei and P. obliquiloculata were most resistant to dissolution and were present in samples where Δ[CO32−] ≈ − 20 μmol/kg. Five stages of preservation were identified in CT scans, and an empirical dissolution index, XDX, was established. XDX appears to be insensitive to initial test mass. Mass loss in response to dissolution was similar between species and sites at ~ 0.4 μg/μmol/kg. We provide calibrations to estimate Δ[CO32−] and initial test mass from XDX.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Q Science > QE Geology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Foraminifera; Dissolution index; X-ray computed tomography; XDX; Δ[CO32−]
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0377-8398
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:23
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/11089

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