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Ocean and atmosphere teleconnections modulate east tropical Pacific productivity at late to middle Pleistocene terminations

Diz, Paula, Hernández-Almeida, Iván, Bernárdez, Patricia, Pérez-Arlucea, Marta and Hall, Ian R. 2018. Ocean and atmosphere teleconnections modulate east tropical Pacific productivity at late to middle Pleistocene terminations. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 493 , pp. 82-91. 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.04.024

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Abstract

The modern Eastern Equatorial Pacific (EEP) is a key oceanographic region for regulating the Earth's climate system, accounting for between 5–10% of global marine production whilst also representing a major source of carbon dioxide efflux to the atmosphere. Changes in ocean dynamics linked to the nutrient supply from the Southern Ocean have been suggested to have played a dominant role in regulating EEP productivity over glacial–interglacial timescales of the past 500 ka. Yet, the full extent of the climate and oceanic teleconnections and the mechanisms promoting the observed increase of productivity occurring at glacial terminations remain poorly understood. Here we present multi-proxy, micropaleontological, geochemical and sedimentological records from the easternmost EEP to infer changes in atmospheric patterns and oceanic processes potentially influencing regional primary productivity over glacial–interglacial cycles of the mid-late Pleistocene (∼0–650 ka). These proxy data support a leading role for the north–south migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) in shaping past productivity variability in the EEP. Productivity increases during glacial periods and notably peaks at major and “extra” glacial terminations (those occurring 1–2 precession cycles after some major terminations) coincident with the inferred southernmost position of the ITCZ. The comparison of our reconstructions with proxy records of climate variability suggests the intensification of related extratropical atmospheric and oceanic teleconnections during deglaciation events. These processes may have re-activated the supply of southern sourced nutrients to the EEP, potentially contributing to enhanced productivity in the EEP and thus counterbalancing the oceanic carbon dioxide outgassing at glacial terminations.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0012-821X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 April 2018
Date of Acceptance: 13 April 2018
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2019 11:55
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/111008

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