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A record of bottom water temperature and seawater δ18O for the Southern Ocean over the past 440 kyr based on Mg/Ca of benthic foraminiferal Uvigerina spp

Elderfield, H., Greaves, M., Barker, Stephen, Hall, Ian Robert, Tripati, A., Ferretti, P., Crowhurst, S., Booth, L. and Daunt, C. 2010. A record of bottom water temperature and seawater δ18O for the Southern Ocean over the past 440 kyr based on Mg/Ca of benthic foraminiferal Uvigerina spp. Quaternary Science Reviews 29 (1-2) , pp. 160-169. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.07.013

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Abstract

The sensitivity to temperature of Mg/Ca ratios in the shallow-infaunal benthic foraminifera Uvigerina spp. has been assessed. Core-top calibrations over ∼1–20 °C show a range in sensitivity of 0.065–0.084 mmol/mol/°C but few data are available spanning the temperature range anticipated in deep-sea records over glacial–interglacial cycles. In contrast to epibenthic foraminiferal species, carbonate ion saturation appears not to affect Mg/Ca significantly. A method based on estimating the ratio of the temperature sensitivity of foraminiferal Mg/Ca to that of δ18Ocalcite shows that sensitivity for Mg/Ca at the high end of the observed core-top range (∼0.1 mmol/mol/°C) is required for consistency with LGM–Holocene differences in each property as constrained by independent proxy data. This is supported by a Mg/Ca record for Uvigerina spp. generated for the Southern Ocean over the past 440,000 years from Ocean Drilling Program Site 1123 (Chatham Rise, New Zealand). The record shows variability that correlates with climate oscillations. The LGM deep ocean temperature derived from the Mg/Ca record is −1.1 ± 0.3 °C. Transformation to temperature allows estimates to be made of changes in bottom water temperature and seawater δ18O and comparison made with literature records. Analysis reveals a ∼2.5-kyr lead in the record of temperature over calcite δ18O and a longer lead over seawater δ18O. This is a reflection of larger phase offsets at eccentricity periods; phase offsets at tilt and precession are within error zero.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Q Science > QE Geology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0277-3791
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2018 20:59
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/11126

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