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Supported metal nanoparticles with tailored catalytic properties through sol immobilisation: applications for the hydrogenation of nitrophenols

Rogers, Scott M., Catlow, Charles Richard A., Gianolio, Diego, Wells, Peter P. and Dimitratos, Nikolaos 2018. Supported metal nanoparticles with tailored catalytic properties through sol immobilisation: applications for the hydrogenation of nitrophenols. Faraday Discussions 208 , pp. 443-454. 10.1039/C7FD00216E

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Abstract

The use of sol-immobilisation to prepare supported metal nanoparticles is an area of growing importance in heterogeneous catalysis; it affords greater control of nanoparticle properties compared to conventional catalytic routes e.g. impregnation. This work, and other recent studies, demonstrate how the properties of the resultant supported metal nanoparticles can be tailored by adjusting the conditions of colloidal synthesis i.e. temperature and solvent. We further demonstrate the applicability of these methods to the hydrogenation of nitrophenols using a series of tailored Pd/TiO2 catalysts, with low Pd loading of 0.2 wt%. Here, the temperature of colloidal synthesis is directly related to the mean particle diameter and the catalytic activity. Smaller Pd particles (2.2 nm, k = 0.632 min−1, TOF = 560 h−1) perform better than their larger counterparts (2.6 nm, k = 0.350 min−1, TOF = 370 h−1) for the hydrogenation of p-nitrophenol, with the catalyst containing smaller NPs found to have increased stability during recyclability studies, with high activity (>90% conversion after 5 minutes) maintained across 5 catalytic cycles.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN: 1359-6640
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 24 May 2018
Date of Acceptance: 8 March 2018
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2019 13:06
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/111707

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