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Artificial neural network-based modelling for daylight evaluations

Lorenz, Clara-Larissa, Packianather, Michael, Spaeth, Achim and Bleil De Souza, Clarice 2018. Artificial neural network-based modelling for daylight evaluations. Presented at: SimAUD 2018, Delft, The Netherlands, 4-7 June 2018.

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Abstract

The climate based Daylight Autonomy (DA) metric has been gaining ground in the field of sustainable building design as a measure for the amount of daylight within spaces and associated energy savings. In this study, Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) were used to predict DA levels in interior spaces as an alternative to computationally expensive simulations. Research was carried out in three phases of increasing complexity: First, a neural network was trained and validated for a single design space. Subsequently, the window design was altered and a neural network was trained and tested on its ability to predict DA levels according to changes in window design. Lastly, the neural network was trained to account for the effects of shading from an external obstruction. After sufficient training, the ANN, during the recall stage, was able to predict DA, on average, within 3 DA short of the simulated DA results for both the shaded and unobstructed scenario. The results obtained show the potential of neural networks as a prediction tool for estimating Daylight Autonomy.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Completion
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Architecture
Engineering
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2019 20:47
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/112040

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