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Interferon-γ stimulates the expression of the inducible cAMP early repressor in macrophages through the activation of casein kinase 2: A Potentially novel pathway for interferon-γ-mediated inhibition of gene transcription

Mead, James R., Hughes, Timothy Richard, Irvine, Scott A., Singh, Nishi Nihar and Ramji, Dipak Purshottam 2003. Interferon-γ stimulates the expression of the inducible cAMP early repressor in macrophages through the activation of casein kinase 2: A Potentially novel pathway for interferon-γ-mediated inhibition of gene transcription. Journal of Biological Chemistry , pp. 17741-17751. 10.1074/jbc.M301602200

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Abstract

Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) is a pleiotropic cytokine that modulates the immune function, cell proliferation, apoptosis, macrophage activation, and numerous other cellular responses. These biological actions of IFN-γ are characterized by both the activation and the inhibition of gene transcription. Unfortunately, in contrast to gene activation, the mechanisms through which the cytokine suppresses gene transcription remain largely unclear. We show here for the first time that exposure of macrophages to IFN-γ leads to a dramatic induction in the expression of the inducible cAMP early repressor (ICER), a potent inhibitor of gene transcription. In addition, a synergistic action of IFN-γ and calcium in the activation of ICER expression was identified. The IFN-γ-mediated activation of ICER expression was not blocked by H89, bisindoylmaleimide, SB202190, PD98059, W7, and AG490, which inhibit protein kinase A, protein kinase C, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, extracellular signal-regulated kinase, calcium-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase, and Janus kinase-2, respectively. In contrast, apigenin, a selective casein kinase 2 (CK2) inhibitor, was found to inhibit response. Consistent with this finding, IFN-γ stimulated CK2 activity and the level of phosphorylated cAMP response element-binding protein, which is known to induce ICER gene transcription, and this response was inhibited in the presence of apigenin. These studies, therefore, identify a previously uncharacterized pathway, involving the IFN-γ-mediated stimulation of CK2 activity, activation of cAMP response element-binding protein, and increased production of ICER, which may then play an important role in the inhibition of macrophage gene transcription by this cytokine.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
ISSN: 0021-9258
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:38
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/1121

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