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The impact of chromoendoscopy for surveillance of the duodenum in patients with MUTYH-associated polyposis and familial adenomatous polyposis

Hurley, Joanna J., Thomas, Laura E., Walton, Sarah-Jane, Thomas-Gibson, Siwan, Haycock, Adam, Suzuki, Noriko, Mort, Matthew, Williams, Geraint, Morgan, Meleri, Clark, Susan K., Sampson, Julian R. and Dolwani, Sunil 2018. The impact of chromoendoscopy for surveillance of the duodenum in patients with MUTYH-associated polyposis and familial adenomatous polyposis. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 88 (4) , pp. 665-673. 10.1016/j.gie.2018.04.2347

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Abstract

Background and Aims Duodenal polyposis and cancer have become a key issue for patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and MUTYH-associated polyposis (MAP). Almost all patients with FAP will develop duodenal adenomas, with 5% developing cancer. The incidence of duodenal adenomas in MAP appears to be lower than in FAP but the limited available data suggest a comparable increase in the relative risk and lifetime risk of duodenal cancer. Current surveillance recommendations, however, are the same for FAP and MAP, using the Spigelman score--incorporating polyp number, size, dysplasia, and histology--for risk stratification and determination of surveillance intervals. Previous studies have demonstrated a benefit of enhanced detection rates of adenomas by use of chromoendoscopy both in sporadic colorectal disease and in groups at high risk of colorectal cancer. We aimed to assess the effect of chromoendoscopy on duodenal adenoma detection, to determine the impact on Spigelman stage and to compare this in individuals with known pathogenic mutations in order to determine the difference in duodenal involvement between MAP and FAP. Methods A prospective study examined the impact of chromoendoscopy on the assessment of the duodenum in 51 consecutive patients with MAP and FAP in 2 academic centers in the United Kingdom (University Hospital Llandough, Cardiff and St Mark's Hospital, London) from 2011 to 2014. Results Enhanced adenoma detection of 3 times the number of adenomas after chromoendoscopy was demonstrated in both MAP (p=0.013) and FAP (p=0.002), but did not affect adenoma size. In both conditions, there was a significant increase in Spigelman stage after chromoendoscopy compared with endoscopy without dye spray. Spigelman scores and overall adenoma detection was significantly lower in MAP compared with FAP. Conclusions Chromoendoscopy improved the diagnostic yield of adenomas in MAP and FAP 3-fold, and in both MAP and FAP this resulted in a clinically significant upstaging in Spigelman score. Further studies are required to determine the impact of improved adenoma detection on the management and outcome of duodenal polyposis.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0016-5107
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 June 2018
Date of Acceptance: 17 April 2018
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2019 02:22
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/112244

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