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Microtubule plus-end loading of p150Glued is mediated by EB1 and Clip-170 but is not required for intracellular membrane traffic in mammalian cells

Watson, Peter Duncan and Stephens, David J. 2006. Microtubule plus-end loading of p150Glued is mediated by EB1 and Clip-170 but is not required for intracellular membrane traffic in mammalian cells. Journal Cell Science 119 (Pt 13) , pp. 2758-67. 10.1242/jcs.02999

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Abstract

Microtubule dynamics and function are regulated, at least in part, by a family of proteins that localize to microtubule plus-ends, and include EB1, CLIP-170 and the dynactin component p150Glued. Plus-end pools of these proteins, notably dynactin, have been invoked in a number of `search-and-capture' mechanisms, including the attachment of microtubules to kinetochores during mitosis and to endomembranes prior to the initiation of intracellular transport. Here we show that, in mammalian cells, EB1 is required for the plus-end localization of CLIP-170, and that this is in turn required to localize p150Glued to plus-ends. Specific depletion of CLIP-170 results in defects in microtubule dynamics, cell polarization in response to scratch wounding and a loss of p150Glued from plus ends. By contrast, removal of p150Glued from plus-ends by depletion of either EB1 or CLIP-170 caused no defects in the localization of intracellular organelles, the dynamics of ER-to-Golgi transport, the efficiency of transferrin uptake or the motility of early endosomes or lysosomes. In addition to labelling microtubule plus-ends, we show that GFP-p150Glued becomes incorporated into the dynactin complex and labels small, highly dynamic, punctate structures that move along microtubules. A subset of these structures colocalizes with ER-Golgi transport intermediates. Together, these data show that the function of CLIP-170 and p150Glued in membrane trafficking is not associated with their plus-end localization.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microtubule ; Dynactin ; EB1 ; CLIP-170 ; +TIP
ISSN: 0021-9533
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:38
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/1124

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