Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Autonomous 3D scene understanding and exploration in cluttered workspaces using point cloud data

Ji, Ze, Schruoffeneger, Raphael and Setchi, Rossitza 2018. Autonomous 3D scene understanding and exploration in cluttered workspaces using point cloud data. Presented at: 2018 IEEE 15th International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control (ICNSC), Zhuhai, China, 27-29 March 2018. 2018 IEEE 15th International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control (ICNSC). IEEE, 10.1109/ICNSC.2018.8361275

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

One of the many challenges in advanced robotics is the autonomous exploration, recognition and manipulation of objects in cluttered unstructured workspaces. The problem is even more challenging when multiple heterogeneous robots with different tools or end-effectors are expected to perform complex collaborative missions, such as disassembly. Within this context, the aim of this work is to develop a framework enabling a robot to detect and localise objects in a workspace and share environment information with another robot, which subsequently performs a grasping operation. The motivation lies in merging point cloud data measured from multiple poses to enrich the representation of the workspace, and decomposing a part into generic primitive geometric features to allow efficient shape recognition in the semantic space. This allows easier integration with an ontological knowledge base for object searching using natural language input. To identify primitive geometrical characteristics and infer object types, this paper introduces a simple but efficient graph-based method, where the graph nodes represent elementary geometric shapes such as planes. The concept is demonstrated using two KUKA robots, where one is acting as the eye of the system, equipped with an RGB-D camera providing views from multiple angles, and the other one has a gripper for grasping, and is acting as a hand. Although the current paper uses basic components such as cubes and triangular blocks, the algorithm is interpretable, and can be extended with more complex shapes. The approach is demonstrated using wood blocks, which are employed to simulate disassembly in unstructured environments.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: IEEE
ISBN: 978-1-5386-5053-0
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2019 03:16
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/112470

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item