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Brief group-based Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for stroke survivors

Majumdar, Sarah and Morris, Reginald 2019. Brief group-based Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for stroke survivors. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 58 (1) , pp. 70-90. 10.1111/bjc.12198

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Objectives To date, the efficacy of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for stroke survivors has not been established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of group‐based ACT for stroke survivors in comparison with treatment as usual (TAU) controls. Methods Fifty‐three participants were randomly assigned either to group‐based ACT (ACTivate Your Life after Stroke) or to a TAU control group (60% male; mean age: 63 years). The ACT intervention consisted of four weekly 2‐hr didactic group sessions. Therapeutic effects were measured by examining changes in depression (primary outcome), anxiety, hope, health‐related quality of life, self‐rated health status, and mental well‐being. Measures were completed at pre‐treatment, post‐treatment, and 2‐month follow‐up. A mixed‐design repeated‐measures multivariate ANOVA was conducted to analyse the findings. Results Analysis based on intention to treat found that compared to participants in the TAU control, group‐based ACT significantly reduced depression and increased self‐rated health status and hopefulness in stroke survivors, with medium effect sizes. Significantly more participants reached clinically significant change of depression in the ACT intervention in comparison with the control group. Conclusions The results correspond with previous studies of group‐based ACT with other long‐term conditions. The findings from this current study suggest group‐based ACT may have promising utility and could offer a suitable low‐intensity psychological intervention for stroke survivors. However, further large‐scale research is required.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0144-6657
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 June 2018
Date of Acceptance: 20 June 2018
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2019 16:03

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