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Controlling the functional properties of oligothiophene crystalline nano/microfibers via tailoring of the self-assembling molecular precursors

Di Maria, Francesca, Zangoli, Mattia, Gazzano, Massimo, Fabiano, Eduardo, Gentili, Denis, Zanelli, Alberto, Fermi, Andrea, Bergamini, Giacomo, Bonifazi, Davide, Perinot, Andrea, Caironi, Mario, Mazzaro, Raffaello, Morandi, Vittorio, Gigli, Giuseppe, Liscio, Andrea and Barbarella, Giovanna 2018. Controlling the functional properties of oligothiophene crystalline nano/microfibers via tailoring of the self-assembling molecular precursors. Advanced Functional Materials 28 (32) , 1801946. 10.1002/adfm.201801946

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Abstract

Oligothiophenes are π‐conjugated semiconducting and fluorescent molecules whose self‐assembly properties are widely investigated for application in organic electronics, optoelectronics, biophotonics, and sensing. Here an approach to the preparation of crystalline oligothiophene nano/microfibers is reported based on the use of a “sulfur overrich” quaterthiophene building block, T4S4 , containing in its covalent network all the information needed to promote the directional, π–π stacking‐driven, self‐assembly of Y‐T4S4‐Y oligomers into fibers with hierarchical supramolecular arrangement from nano‐ to microscale. It is shown that when Y varies from unsubstituted thiophene to thiophene substituted with electron‐withdrawing groups, a wide redistribution of the molecular electronic charge takes place without substantially affecting the aggregation modalities of the oligomer. In this way, a structurally comparable series of fibers is obtained having progressively varying optical properties, redox potentials, photoconductivity, and type of prevailing charge carriers (from p‐ to n‐type). With the aid of density functional theory (DFT) calculations, combined with powder X‐ray diffraction data, a model accounting for the growth of the fibers from molecular to nano‐ and microscale is proposed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1616-301X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 3 July 2018
Date of Acceptance: 15 May 2018
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 07:57
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/112943

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