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A dust twin of Cas A: cool dust and 21µm silicate dust feature in the Supernova Remnant G54.1+0.3

Rho, J., Gomez, Haley, Boogert, A., Smith, Matthew W. L., Lagage, P.O., Dowell, D., Clark, C.J.R., Peeters, E. and Cami, J. 2018. A dust twin of Cas A: cool dust and 21µm silicate dust feature in the Supernova Remnant G54.1+0.3. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 479 (4) , pp. 5101-5123. 10.1093/mnras/sty1713

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Abstract

We present infrared (IR) and submillimeter observations of the Crab-like supernova remnant (SNR) G54.1+0.3 including 350μm (SHARC-II), 870μm (LABOCA), 70, 100, 160, 250, 350, 500μm (Herschel) and 3-40μm (Spitzer). We detect dust features at 9, 11 and 21μm and a long wavelength continuum dust component. The 21μm dust coincides with [Ar II] ejecta emission, and the feature is remarkably similar to that in Cas A. The IRAC 8μm image including Ar ejecta is distributed in a shell-like morphology which is coincident with dust features, suggesting that dust has formed in the ejecta. We create a cold dust map that shows excess emission in the northwestern shell. We fit the spectral energy distribution of the SNR using the continuous distributions of ellipsoidal (CDE) grain model of pre-solar grain SiO2 that reproduces the 21 and 9μm dust features and discuss grains of SiC and PAH that may be responsible for the 10-13μm dust features. To reproduce the long-wavelength continuum, we explore models consisting of different grains including Mg2SiO4, MgSiO3, Al2O3, FeS, carbon, and Fe3O4. We tested a model with a temperature-dependent silicate absorption coefficient. We detect cold dust (27-44 K) in the remnant, making this the fourth such SNR with freshly-formed dust. The total dust mass in the SNR ranges from 0.08 − 0.9 M⊙ depending on the grain composition, which is comparable to predicted masses from theoretical models. Our estimated dust masses are consistent with the idea that SNe are a significant source of dust in the early Universe.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0035-8711
Related URLs:
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 July 2018
Date of Acceptance: 22 June 2018
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2018 17:56
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/113006

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