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What adolescents living with long-term conditions say about being involved in decision-making about their healthcare: A systematic review and narrative synthesis of preferences and experiences

Jordan, Amber, Wood, Fiona, Edwards, Adrian, Shepherd, Victoria and Joseph-Williams, Natalie 2018. What adolescents living with long-term conditions say about being involved in decision-making about their healthcare: A systematic review and narrative synthesis of preferences and experiences. Patient Education and Counseling 101 (10) , pp. 1725-1735. 10.1016/j.pec.2018.06.006
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Abstract

Objective To understand the preferences and experiences of adolescents (age 10–19) with long-term conditions (LTCs) towards involvement in discussions and decisions regarding management of their condition. Methods A systematic review and narrative synthesis of mixed-methods, quantitative and qualitative and research was performed. Six databases were searched from inception to March 2017. The quality of the articles was assessed, and relevant data were extracted and coded thematically. Results The search yielded 27 articles which met the inclusion criteria. Decision-making involvement preferences and experiences were reported from the adolescents’ perspectives. Adolescents often report that they do not have any choice of treatment options. Variability in preferences and experiences were found within and between individuals. Mismatches between preferences and experiences are common, and often with negative emotional consequences. Discussion Adolescent preferences for involvement in the decision-making process are situational and individualistic. Healthcare professionals can encourage involvement by ensuring that adolescents are informed of treatment options, and aware of the value of their contribution. Future research should explore adolescent perceived barriers and facilitators to SDM. Practical implications Interventions are needed to effectively train HCPs in the delivery of shared decision-making, and to support the participation of adolescents with LTCs in shared decision-making.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Healthcare Sciences
Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0738-3991
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 12 July 2018
Date of Acceptance: 15 June 2018
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2018 20:23
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/113134

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