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Meta-analysis of cell therapy studies in heart failure and acute myocardial infarction

Gyöngyösi, Mariann, Haller, Paul M., Blake, Derek J. and Martin Rendon, Enca 2018. Meta-analysis of cell therapy studies in heart failure and acute myocardial infarction. Circulation Research 123 (2) , pp. 301-308. 10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.117.311302

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Abstract

Heart failure (HF) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide and has reached epidemic proportions in most industrialized nations. Despite major improvements in the treatment and management of the disease, the prognosis for patients with HF remains poor with approximately only half of patients surviving for 5 years or longer after diagnosis. The poor prognosis of HF patients is in part because of irreparable damage to cardiac tissue and concomitant maladaptive changes associated with the disease. Cell-based therapies may have the potential to transform the treatment and prognosis of HF through regeneration or repair of damaged cardiac tissue. Accordingly, numerous phase I and II randomized clinical trials have tested the clinical benefits of cell transplant, mostly autologous bone marrow–derived mononuclear cells, in patients with HF, ischemic heart disease, and acute myocardial infarction. Although many of these trials were relatively small, meta-analyses of cell-based therapies have attempted to apply rigorous statistical methodology to assess the potential clinical benefits of the intervention. As a prelude to larger phase III trials, meta-analyses, therefore, remain the obvious means of evaluating the available clinical evidence. Here, we review the different meta-analyses of randomized clinical trials that evaluate the safety and potential beneficial effect of cell therapies in HF and acute myocardial infarction spanning nearly 2 decades since the first pioneering trials were conducted.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Publisher: American Heart Association
ISSN: 0009-7330
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 July 2018
Date of Acceptance: 4 January 2018
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2019 14:25
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/113203

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