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A single centre phase II trial to assess the immunological activity of TroVax® plus pemetrexed/cisplatin in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma - the SKOPOS trial

Lester, Jason F, Casbard, Angela C, Al-Taei, Saly, Harrop, Richard, Katona, Lajos, Attanoos, Richard L, Tabi, Zsuzsanna and Griffiths, Gareth O 2018. A single centre phase II trial to assess the immunological activity of TroVax® plus pemetrexed/cisplatin in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma - the SKOPOS trial. OncoImmunology 7 (12) , e1457597. 10.1080/2162402X.2018.1457597

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Abstract

Vaccines in combination with chemotherapy have been shown to be safe in different tumor types. We investigated the immunological activity of the TroVax® vaccine in combination with pemetrexed-cisplatin chemotherapy in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). In this first line, open-label, single-arm, phase 2 study, patients with locally advanced or metastatic MPM were enrolled. Eligible patients received up to 9 intramuscular injections of TroVax®, starting two weeks before chemotherapy and continuing at regular intervals during and after chemotherapy to 24 weeks. The primary endpoint was the induction of cellular or humoral anti-5T4 immune response (defined as a doubling of either response at any of six follow-up time points), with a target response rate of 64%. Of 27 patients, enrolled between Feb 2013-Dec 2014, 23 (85%) received at least three doses of TroVax® and one cycle of chemotherapy and were included in the per-protocol analysis (PPA). 22/23 patients (95.6%) developed humoral or cellular immune response to 5T4. Thus, the study reached its primary endpoint. Disease control was observed in 87% of patients (partial response: 17.4%, stable disease: 69.6%). The median progression-free survival was 6.8 months and median overall survival 10.9 months. Treatment-related adverse events were comparable to those observed in patients with chemotherapy alone. Translational immunology studies revealed a circulating baseline immune signature that was significantly associated with long-term (>20 months in n = 8/23, 34.8%) survival. In this phase 2 trial, TroVax® with pemetrexed-cisplatin chemotherapy showed robust immune activity, acceptable safety and tolerability to warrant further investigation in a phase 3 setting.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Taylor & Francis: STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Titles
ISSN: 2162-4011
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 20 July 2018
Date of Acceptance: 20 March 2018
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2019 15:29
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/113342

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