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Salivary gland stem cells age prematurely in primary Sjögren's syndrome

Pringle, Sarah, Wang, Xiaoyang, Verstappen, Gwenny M.P.J., Terpstra, Jannek, Zhang, Clarence K., He, Aiqing, Patel, Vishal, Jones, Rhiannon E., Baird, Duncan M., Spijkervet, Fred K. L., Vissink, Arjan, Bootsma, Hendrika, Coppes, Robert P. and Kroese, Frans G.M. 2019. Salivary gland stem cells age prematurely in primary Sjögren's syndrome. Arthritis & Rheumatology 71 (1) , pp. 133-142. 10.1002/art.40659

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Abstract

Objective A major characteristic of the autoimmune disease primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is salivary gland (SG) hypofunction. The inability of resident SG stem cells (SGSCs) to maintain homeostasis and saliva production has never been explained and limits our comprehension of mechanisms underlying primary SS. The present study was undertaken to investigate the role of salivary gland stem cells in hyposalivation in primary SS. Methods SGSCs were isolated from parotid biopsy samples from controls and patients classified as having primary SS or incomplete primary SS, according to the American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism criteria. Self‐renewal and differentiation assays were used to determine SGSC regenerative potential, RNA was extracted for sequencing analysis, single telomere length analysis was conducted to determine telomere length, and frozen tissue samples were used for immunohistochemical analysis. Results SGSCs isolated from primary SS parotid gland biopsy samples were regeneratively inferior to healthy control specimens. We demonstrated that SGSCs from samples from patients with primary SS are not only lower in number and less able to differentiate, but are likely to be senescent, as revealed by telomere length analysis, RNA sequencing, and immunostaining. We further found that SGSCs exposed to primary SS–associated proinflammatory cytokines we induced to proliferate, express senescence‐associated genes, and subsequently differentiate into intercalated duct cells. We also localized p16+ senescent cells to the intercalated ducts in primary SS SG tissue, suggesting a block in SGSC differentiation into acinar cells. Conclusion This study represents the first characterization of SGSCs in primary SS, and also the first demonstration of a linkage between an autoimmune disease and a parenchymal premature‐aging phenotype. The knowledge garnered in this study indicates that disease‐modifying antirheumatic drugs used to treat primary SS are not likely to restore saliva production, and should be supplemented with fresh SGSCs to recover saliva production.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 2326-5191
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 26 July 2018
Date of Acceptance: 12 June 2018
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2019 00:24
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/113469

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